If you ‘run out of’ something you no longer have a supply of something. So, in this photo, it means I don’t have enough milk for my breakfast- I ran out of milk.
‘Run out of’ is a transitive phrasal verb. This means it usually takes an object. E.g. What did you run out of? I ran out of MILK. (milk is the object).
It is also ‘inseparable’. This means that nothing can go between ‘run’ and ‘out’. E.g. you can’t say: I ran milk out of. (the object- milk- always appears at the end).
Rewrite these sentences so they use the phrasal verb ‘run out’.
- I need to buy milk because I don’t have any.
- I nearly completed the marathon but in the last 100 metres I didn’t have enough energy.
- If I keep spending so much money I won’t have any left by the end of the month.
1. I need to buy milk because I ran out.
2. I nearly completed the marathon but in the last 100 metres I ran out of energy.
3. If I keep spending so much money I will have run out of money by the end of the month.